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Blast Test

Our Enviro BRM™ unit was blast tested on November 20, 2020 with 3000 lbs of ANFO at 131 ft Standoff Distance. The results of this test met and exceeded all the requirements of the Canadian S850-12 Standards.

The Blast Test

On November 19-20, 2020, Stone Protective Solutions, LLC (SPS, LLC) has hosted a Blast Testing event for our blast-resistant modular product (EnviroBRM™) that integrates our patented Extreme-Woodlam™ panel technology system within our modular building steel framing design.

 

The blast testing program was supervised by Stone Security Engineering, witnessed by a third-party (TRU Compliance) and executed by Oregon Ballistic Laboratories (OBL) at our Stone-OBL's Blast Testing Facility outside of Bend, Oregon- USA. Figure 1 and Figure 2 below show the blast test attendees during the first day of testing.

Figure 2. Blast Test Attendees at the Stone-OBL Blast Test Site (Front Face)

Blast test attendees at the testing site

SPS, LLC would like to acknowledge our business associates from Stone Security Engineering (blast engineer on record), Stone Protective Solutions, LTD (exclusive licensed supplier and general contractor for our Canadian Operations), and IKK/Kabbani Construction Group (exclusive license sales and manufacturing for EnviroBRM™ products in the Gulf Cooperation Council within the Middle East Region). 

SPS, LLC would also like to acknowledge the outstanding assistance and performance of our material suppliers and fabricators including Freres Lumber Co., Inc. (authorized Extreme-WoodlamTM material supplier), Surelock McGill (Blast Door hardware supplier), and Trade-Mark Group (one of our manufacturers for the EnviroBRM™ products in North America).

The test program included blast testing and performance validation for our full-scale 8psi free-field overpressure EnviroBRM™ design. This blast design has been developed for a reflected pressure of 19.2 psi and up to blast loading duration of 200 msec to achieve a MEDIUM BUILDING DAMAGE RESPONSE LEVEL in accordance with the ASCE’s “Design of Blast-Resistant Buildings in Petrochemical Facilities” (equivalent to a BUILDING LOW LEVEL OF PROTECTION per CSA S850-12 “Design and Assessment of Buildings Subjected to Blast Loads”) and in compliance with recommended practices listed in API 753 for Management of Hazards Associated With Location of Process Plant Portable Buildings.

 

Definitions for the ASCE Building Damage Response Levels are summarized in Table 1 below and definitions for the CSA Building Level of Protection are summarized in Table 2 below.

Table 1.  ASCE Building Damage Level Definitions 

ASCE Building Damage Level Definitions

Table 2.  CSA S850-12 Building Level of Protection Definitions   

CSA S850-12 Building Level of Protection Definitions

The Extreme-Woodlam panels were supplied by Freres Lumber in Oregon and the door hardware systems were provided by Surelock McGill (through their North American operations in Kentucky).

 

The Extreme-Woodlam™ panels and door hardware were shipped to Trade-Mark Group. The full EnviroBRM™ unit was then fabricated, assembled and shipped out from the Trade-Mark fabrication facility as shown in Figure 3 below.

 

The EnviroBRM™ was delivered to the blast test site outside of Bend, Oregon (as shown in Figure 4) on November 11, 2020.

Figure 3. Fabricated EnviroBRM™ Unit Shipped out from Trade-Mark Fabrication Facility

Enviro BRM Blast Resistant Structure shipping from Manufacturing facility

Figure 4. Delivery of the EnviroBRM™ Unit to the Stone-OBL Blast Test Site

Delivery of Blast resistant Structure BRM to test site

Open-Air Arena Blast Testing for one unanchored 10-ft wide x 40-ft long x 11-ft high blast-resistant module placed on a reinforced concrete slab positioned 131 feet from the explosive charge was executed.

 

Three thousand pounds of ammonium nitrate/fuel oil (ANFO), a widely used bulk industrial explosive mixture was used as the energetic material to develop the test blast loading of 9-10 psi free-field overpressure range (25-26 psi reflected) and average free-field impulse of 85 psi-msec (the average reflected impulse of 212 psi-msec).

 

Figure 5 illustrates a view of the test-arena setup (pre-test) with the energetic material placed in the sonotube at the set location facing the reflected surface of the EnviroBRM™ unit.

Figure 5. View of Blast Arena Layout with Explosive Charge (Pre-Test)

View of Blast area and charge prior to detonation of test

The instrumentation for the blast testing included pressure gauges, accelerometers, linear encoders, and Anthropomorphic Test Devices (ATDs) along with high-speed and real-time videos and photos.

 

The collected documentation has been used to confirm the applied blast loading and building component responses to the blast event to validate the building response and to further validate the analytical dynamic design models and details for the EnviroBRM™ units for various blast ranges.

 

For the applied blast test loading, our pre-test analytical modelling estimated up to a LOW BUILDING DAMAGE RESPONSE per ASCE criteria (equivalent to a BUILDING MEDIUM LEVEL OF PROTECTION per CSA S850-12).

 

Figure 6 below shows pre-test photos of the EnviroBRM™ with some of the instrumentation set inside and outside the building.

Figure 6. Pre-Test Photos of EnviroBRM™ with Instrumentation- Exterior and Interior

Pre-blast test photo of instrumentation Interior
Pre-blast test photo of instrumentation Exterior

Figure 7. EnviroBRM™ Unit at the Time of Detonation

BRM Blast resistant modular building test at time of detonation

Figure 8. Interior & Exterior Silmutaneous Views of Blast

Figure 8. Interior & Exterior Silmutaneous Views of Blast

Post Blast crater from charge in front of Blast Resistant Modular building at test site

The documented response also aligns well with not exceeding the pre-test predicted analytical response of a LOW BUILDING DAMAGE per ASCE criteria noted above for the associated test load, thus validating the overall blast/structural designs and details and associated dynamic modelling prediction tools developed for them.

 

Overall, the full-scale testing of the BRM and data collected have validated the analytical modelling tools and confirm that our EnviroBRM™ designs with the applied full duration of 200 msec will achieve a MEDIUM BUILDING DAMAGE RESPONSE LEVEL in accordance with the ASCE’s “Design of Blast-Resistant Buildings in Petrochemical Facilities” (equivalent to a BUILDING LOW LEVEL OF PROTECTION per CSA S850-12 “Design and Assessment of Buildings Subjected to Blast Loads”) and in compliance with recommended practices listed in API 753 for Management of Hazards Associated With Location of Process Plant Portable Buildings.

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